“The painting rises from the brushstrokes as a poem rises from the words. The meaning comes later.” ~Joan Miro
Joan Miró (pronunciation) was a world-renowned Spanish artist, known for his unique and distinctive style of painting and sculpture, with works containing elements of surrealism.
Miró was born on April 20, 1893, in Barcelona, Spain. As a young child, he showed an interest in art and often painted and drew with his sisters. When he was 10 years old, his family moved to the countryside of Spain where he attended a boarding school. He spent his early days in the countryside, and the nature and beauty later reflected in his art.
Though his father did not approve, Miró began attending Lonja de la Seda (pronunciation) to study art. In 1918 he held his first solo exhibition, but sadly his work was ridiculed and even defaced. However he didn’t let the negativity stop him, and he continued to create art. In 1920 he moved to Paris to further his career.
He attempted to work as a clerk and attended business school, but after suffering a nervous breakdown decided to devote himself instead to his art career. In 1925, he married Russian ballerina Olga Khokhlova (pronunciation), and together they had a son named Paulo.
During the 1930’s, Miró became increasingly interested in Surrealism. He joined the Surrealist group and began to experiment with automatic drawing, a technique where the artist allows their subconscious to guide their hand. This resulted in some of his most famous and iconic works.
He worked in a variety of mediums throughout his career, including painting, sculpture, printmaking, and ceramics. He also created tapestries and murals. His work can be seen in museums all over the world, including the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, the Tate Modern in London, and the Joan Miro Foundation in Barcelona
Miró continued to produce art until his death in 1983, but he is considered one of the most important artists of the Surrealist movement and his artwork and sculptures continue to inspire artists today.