Expressionism is an artistic movement that emerged in the early 20th century, with roots in earlier styles like Romanticism and Impressionism. Expressionist artists rejected traditional academic painting styles, favoring instead a more subjective approach to art-making. They often painted images of intense emotion and heightened realism, conveying inner experiences through bold colors, abstract shapes, and distorted forms. Expressionism was particularly influential in Germany, where artists like Ernst Ludwig Kirchner and Franz Marc experimented with new techniques and bolder subject matter.

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